Posts by Tag

CTF

2019 Defcon DFIR CTF Write-up

33 minute read

The Unofficial Defcon DFIR CTF comprised of 5 different challenge categories with a total of 82 DFIR related challenges including a Crypto Challenge, Deadbox...

Hack The Box - Querier

9 minute read

Querier is true to its name, requiring exploitation of common SQL vulnerabilities whilst combining elements of combing through macros, insecure SMB shares, h...

Hack The Box - Bastion

8 minute read

Bastion was a relatively simple machine with the biggest issue steming from maintaining a connection to a remote mounted drive. Utilising a machine vhd backu...

Hack The Box - Netmon

6 minute read

Netmon was a very simple box which highlighted issues with open FTP servers, plaintext configuration files, common password conventions, and blindly trusting...

Hack The Box - Irked

6 minute read

This machine highlighted a few issues such as supply chain compromise, the ease of hiding information using steganography, and how easily a vulnerable binary...

Hack The Box - Ypuffy

5 minute read

This machine was quite interesting, and contained a privilege escalation method I’d not seen mentioned elsewhere. Luckily this was confined to the challenge,...

Hack The Box - Waldo

5 minute read

This machine was interesting, starting with directory traversal and LFI vulnerabilities, it then exploits a feature not commonly known which is supposed to b...

Hack The Box - Zipper

8 minute read

This machine took a bit of thinking outside of the box so it was a bit of a nice challenge and involved exploiting both custom binaries and legitimate servic...

Hack The Box - Carrier

9 minute read

This machine had some interesting elements to it and really made you think outside of the box. It incorporated a number of elements which you wouldn’t typica...

Hack The Box - Curling

3 minute read

This machine had some CTF elements to it, but overall wasn’t that difficult to complete through proper enumeration. It highlights some issues which may be pr...

Hack The Box - Help

5 minute read

Help was an interesting machine which appeared to have multiple ways of gaining access and elevating privileges. In the end it contained elements of graphql,...

Hack The Box - Active

3 minute read

This machine was fairly straight forward and mimicked something you’d unfortunately expect to see even today in a typical penetration test. All in all it’s a...

Hack The Box - Access

6 minute read

This machine was fairly basic but still provided some useful reminders and tools which can be utilised to export pst file contents on Linux, natively transfe...

Hack The Box - Jerry

2 minute read

Jerry would have to be one of the easiest machines I’ve ever compromised on Hack The Box. This involved using legitimate credentials to log onto an Apache To...

Hack The Box - Dev0ops

8 minute read

Dev0ops highlighted issues with weakly configured XML parsers which lead to an XXE vulnerability, and developer error which lead to SSH keys in commit revisi...

Hack The Box - Solidstate

5 minute read

This machine contained a fairly straightforward SMTP vulnerability which didn’t even need to be exploited to fully compromise the machine. It is an essential...

Hack The Box - Chatterbox

5 minute read

Chatterbox was a reasonably simple machine which required exploiting a vulnerable ‘Achat’ service with custom shellcode, and then migrating to a more stable ...

Hack The Box - Jeeves

5 minute read

Jeeves showed us that an unauthenticated Jenkins server can easily lead to a reverse shell through Groovy Script even if the web-directory is unknown. It hig...

Hack The Box - Bashed

3 minute read

Bashed was an extremely simple box demonstrating some of the most basic techniques for spawning reverse shells and elevating privileges. It is a great beginn...

Hack The Box - Blue

26 minute read

Blue is definitely one of the shortest boxes in Hack The Box history. As the name suggests all that was required to fully compromise this machine was MS17-01...

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Technical

2019 Defcon DFIR CTF Write-up

33 minute read

The Unofficial Defcon DFIR CTF comprised of 5 different challenge categories with a total of 82 DFIR related challenges including a Crypto Challenge, Deadbox...

Hack The Box - Bastion

8 minute read

Bastion was a relatively simple machine with the biggest issue steming from maintaining a connection to a remote mounted drive. Utilising a machine vhd backu...

Hack The Box - Netmon

6 minute read

Netmon was a very simple box which highlighted issues with open FTP servers, plaintext configuration files, common password conventions, and blindly trusting...

Hack The Box - Irked

6 minute read

This machine highlighted a few issues such as supply chain compromise, the ease of hiding information using steganography, and how easily a vulnerable binary...

Hack The Box - Ypuffy

5 minute read

This machine was quite interesting, and contained a privilege escalation method I’d not seen mentioned elsewhere. Luckily this was confined to the challenge,...

Hack The Box - Waldo

5 minute read

This machine was interesting, starting with directory traversal and LFI vulnerabilities, it then exploits a feature not commonly known which is supposed to b...

Hack The Box - Zipper

8 minute read

This machine took a bit of thinking outside of the box so it was a bit of a nice challenge and involved exploiting both custom binaries and legitimate servic...

Hack The Box - Carrier

9 minute read

This machine had some interesting elements to it and really made you think outside of the box. It incorporated a number of elements which you wouldn’t typica...

Hack The Box - Curling

3 minute read

This machine had some CTF elements to it, but overall wasn’t that difficult to complete through proper enumeration. It highlights some issues which may be pr...

Hack The Box - Help

5 minute read

Help was an interesting machine which appeared to have multiple ways of gaining access and elevating privileges. In the end it contained elements of graphql,...

Hack The Box - Active

3 minute read

This machine was fairly straight forward and mimicked something you’d unfortunately expect to see even today in a typical penetration test. All in all it’s a...

Hack The Box - Access

6 minute read

This machine was fairly basic but still provided some useful reminders and tools which can be utilised to export pst file contents on Linux, natively transfe...

Hack The Box - Jerry

2 minute read

Jerry would have to be one of the easiest machines I’ve ever compromised on Hack The Box. This involved using legitimate credentials to log onto an Apache To...

Hack The Box - Dev0ops

8 minute read

Dev0ops highlighted issues with weakly configured XML parsers which lead to an XXE vulnerability, and developer error which lead to SSH keys in commit revisi...

Hack The Box - Solidstate

5 minute read

This machine contained a fairly straightforward SMTP vulnerability which didn’t even need to be exploited to fully compromise the machine. It is an essential...

Hack The Box - Chatterbox

5 minute read

Chatterbox was a reasonably simple machine which required exploiting a vulnerable ‘Achat’ service with custom shellcode, and then migrating to a more stable ...

Hack The Box - Jeeves

5 minute read

Jeeves showed us that an unauthenticated Jenkins server can easily lead to a reverse shell through Groovy Script even if the web-directory is unknown. It hig...

Hack The Box - Bashed

3 minute read

Bashed was an extremely simple box demonstrating some of the most basic techniques for spawning reverse shells and elevating privileges. It is a great beginn...

Hack The Box - Blue

26 minute read

Blue is definitely one of the shortest boxes in Hack The Box history. As the name suggests all that was required to fully compromise this machine was MS17-01...

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Malware Analysis

Practical Malware Analysis - Lab Write-up

1 minute read

This details reverse engineering activities and answers for labs contained in the book ‘Practical Malware Analysis’ by Michael Sikorski and Andrew Honig, whi...

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PMA

Practical Malware Analysis - Lab Write-up

1 minute read

This details reverse engineering activities and answers for labs contained in the book ‘Practical Malware Analysis’ by Michael Sikorski and Andrew Honig, whi...

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No Starch Press

Practical Malware Analysis - Lab Write-up

1 minute read

This details reverse engineering activities and answers for labs contained in the book ‘Practical Malware Analysis’ by Michael Sikorski and Andrew Honig, whi...

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HTB

2019 Defcon DFIR CTF Write-up

33 minute read

The Unofficial Defcon DFIR CTF comprised of 5 different challenge categories with a total of 82 DFIR related challenges including a Crypto Challenge, Deadbox...

Hack The Box - Querier

9 minute read

Querier is true to its name, requiring exploitation of common SQL vulnerabilities whilst combining elements of combing through macros, insecure SMB shares, h...

Hack The Box - Bastion

8 minute read

Bastion was a relatively simple machine with the biggest issue steming from maintaining a connection to a remote mounted drive. Utilising a machine vhd backu...

Hack The Box - Netmon

6 minute read

Netmon was a very simple box which highlighted issues with open FTP servers, plaintext configuration files, common password conventions, and blindly trusting...

Hack The Box - Irked

6 minute read

This machine highlighted a few issues such as supply chain compromise, the ease of hiding information using steganography, and how easily a vulnerable binary...

Hack The Box - Ypuffy

5 minute read

This machine was quite interesting, and contained a privilege escalation method I’d not seen mentioned elsewhere. Luckily this was confined to the challenge,...

Hack The Box - Waldo

5 minute read

This machine was interesting, starting with directory traversal and LFI vulnerabilities, it then exploits a feature not commonly known which is supposed to b...

Hack The Box - Zipper

8 minute read

This machine took a bit of thinking outside of the box so it was a bit of a nice challenge and involved exploiting both custom binaries and legitimate servic...

Hack The Box - Carrier

9 minute read

This machine had some interesting elements to it and really made you think outside of the box. It incorporated a number of elements which you wouldn’t typica...

Hack The Box - Curling

3 minute read

This machine had some CTF elements to it, but overall wasn’t that difficult to complete through proper enumeration. It highlights some issues which may be pr...

Hack The Box - Help

5 minute read

Help was an interesting machine which appeared to have multiple ways of gaining access and elevating privileges. In the end it contained elements of graphql,...

Hack The Box - Active

3 minute read

This machine was fairly straight forward and mimicked something you’d unfortunately expect to see even today in a typical penetration test. All in all it’s a...

Hack The Box - Access

6 minute read

This machine was fairly basic but still provided some useful reminders and tools which can be utilised to export pst file contents on Linux, natively transfe...

Hack The Box - Jerry

2 minute read

Jerry would have to be one of the easiest machines I’ve ever compromised on Hack The Box. This involved using legitimate credentials to log onto an Apache To...

Hack The Box - Dev0ops

8 minute read

Dev0ops highlighted issues with weakly configured XML parsers which lead to an XXE vulnerability, and developer error which lead to SSH keys in commit revisi...

Hack The Box - Solidstate

5 minute read

This machine contained a fairly straightforward SMTP vulnerability which didn’t even need to be exploited to fully compromise the machine. It is an essential...

Hack The Box - Chatterbox

5 minute read

Chatterbox was a reasonably simple machine which required exploiting a vulnerable ‘Achat’ service with custom shellcode, and then migrating to a more stable ...

Hack The Box - Jeeves

5 minute read

Jeeves showed us that an unauthenticated Jenkins server can easily lead to a reverse shell through Groovy Script even if the web-directory is unknown. It hig...

Hack The Box - Bashed

3 minute read

Bashed was an extremely simple box demonstrating some of the most basic techniques for spawning reverse shells and elevating privileges. It is a great beginn...

Hack The Box - Blue

26 minute read

Blue is definitely one of the shortest boxes in Hack The Box history. As the name suggests all that was required to fully compromise this machine was MS17-01...

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Static Malware Analysis

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Dynamic Malware Analysis

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Nmap

Hack The Box - Querier

9 minute read

Querier is true to its name, requiring exploitation of common SQL vulnerabilities whilst combining elements of combing through macros, insecure SMB shares, h...

Hack The Box - Bastion

8 minute read

Bastion was a relatively simple machine with the biggest issue steming from maintaining a connection to a remote mounted drive. Utilising a machine vhd backu...

Hack The Box - Netmon

6 minute read

Netmon was a very simple box which highlighted issues with open FTP servers, plaintext configuration files, common password conventions, and blindly trusting...

Hack The Box - Irked

6 minute read

This machine highlighted a few issues such as supply chain compromise, the ease of hiding information using steganography, and how easily a vulnerable binary...

Hack The Box - Ypuffy

5 minute read

This machine was quite interesting, and contained a privilege escalation method I’d not seen mentioned elsewhere. Luckily this was confined to the challenge,...

Hack The Box - Waldo

5 minute read

This machine was interesting, starting with directory traversal and LFI vulnerabilities, it then exploits a feature not commonly known which is supposed to b...

Hack The Box - Curling

3 minute read

This machine had some CTF elements to it, but overall wasn’t that difficult to complete through proper enumeration. It highlights some issues which may be pr...

Hack The Box - Help

5 minute read

Help was an interesting machine which appeared to have multiple ways of gaining access and elevating privileges. In the end it contained elements of graphql,...

Hack The Box - Active

3 minute read

This machine was fairly straight forward and mimicked something you’d unfortunately expect to see even today in a typical penetration test. All in all it’s a...

Hack The Box - Access

6 minute read

This machine was fairly basic but still provided some useful reminders and tools which can be utilised to export pst file contents on Linux, natively transfe...

Hack The Box - Jerry

2 minute read

Jerry would have to be one of the easiest machines I’ve ever compromised on Hack The Box. This involved using legitimate credentials to log onto an Apache To...

Hack The Box - Dev0ops

8 minute read

Dev0ops highlighted issues with weakly configured XML parsers which lead to an XXE vulnerability, and developer error which lead to SSH keys in commit revisi...

Hack The Box - Solidstate

5 minute read

This machine contained a fairly straightforward SMTP vulnerability which didn’t even need to be exploited to fully compromise the machine. It is an essential...

Hack The Box - Chatterbox

5 minute read

Chatterbox was a reasonably simple machine which required exploiting a vulnerable ‘Achat’ service with custom shellcode, and then migrating to a more stable ...

Hack The Box - Jeeves

5 minute read

Jeeves showed us that an unauthenticated Jenkins server can easily lead to a reverse shell through Groovy Script even if the web-directory is unknown. It hig...

Hack The Box - Bashed

3 minute read

Bashed was an extremely simple box demonstrating some of the most basic techniques for spawning reverse shells and elevating privileges. It is a great beginn...

Hack The Box - Blue

26 minute read

Blue is definitely one of the shortest boxes in Hack The Box history. As the name suggests all that was required to fully compromise this machine was MS17-01...

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x86 Disassembly

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IDA Pro

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PE-bear

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Strings

Hack The Box - Querier

9 minute read

Querier is true to its name, requiring exploitation of common SQL vulnerabilities whilst combining elements of combing through macros, insecure SMB shares, h...

Hack The Box - Zipper

8 minute read

This machine took a bit of thinking outside of the box so it was a bit of a nice challenge and involved exploiting both custom binaries and legitimate servic...

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Holiday Hack Challenge (HHC)

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Kringlecon

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SANS

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CounterHack

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CyberChef

2019 Defcon DFIR CTF Write-up

33 minute read

The Unofficial Defcon DFIR CTF comprised of 5 different challenge categories with a total of 82 DFIR related challenges including a Crypto Challenge, Deadbox...

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PEview

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Process Monitor (Procmon)

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Injector

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OllyDbg

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Gobuster

Hack The Box - Carrier

9 minute read

This machine had some interesting elements to it and really made you think outside of the box. It incorporated a number of elements which you wouldn’t typica...

Hack The Box - Help

5 minute read

Help was an interesting machine which appeared to have multiple ways of gaining access and elevating privileges. In the end it contained elements of graphql,...

Hack The Box - Access

6 minute read

This machine was fairly basic but still provided some useful reminders and tools which can be utilised to export pst file contents on Linux, natively transfe...

Hack The Box - Dev0ops

8 minute read

Dev0ops highlighted issues with weakly configured XML parsers which lead to an XXE vulnerability, and developer error which lead to SSH keys in commit revisi...

Hack The Box - Bashed

3 minute read

Bashed was an extremely simple box demonstrating some of the most basic techniques for spawning reverse shells and elevating privileges. It is a great beginn...

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T1546 - Event Triggered Execution

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Masquerading

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XOR

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Pestudio

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SMB

Hack The Box - Querier

9 minute read

Querier is true to its name, requiring exploitation of common SQL vulnerabilities whilst combining elements of combing through macros, insecure SMB shares, h...

Hack The Box - Bastion

8 minute read

Bastion was a relatively simple machine with the biggest issue steming from maintaining a connection to a remote mounted drive. Utilising a machine vhd backu...

Hack The Box - Blue

26 minute read

Blue is definitely one of the shortest boxes in Hack The Box history. As the name suggests all that was required to fully compromise this machine was MS17-01...

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Python

Hack The Box - Bashed

3 minute read

Bashed was an extremely simple box demonstrating some of the most basic techniques for spawning reverse shells and elevating privileges. It is a great beginn...

Hack The Box - Bashed

3 minute read

Bashed was an extremely simple box demonstrating some of the most basic techniques for spawning reverse shells and elevating privileges. It is a great beginn...

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Resource Hacker

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Debugging

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HxD

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Mutex

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ApateDNS

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Ghidra

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Netcat

Hack The Box - Querier

9 minute read

Querier is true to its name, requiring exploitation of common SQL vulnerabilities whilst combining elements of combing through macros, insecure SMB shares, h...

Hack The Box - Bashed

3 minute read

Bashed was an extremely simple box demonstrating some of the most basic techniques for spawning reverse shells and elevating privileges. It is a great beginn...

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SSH

Hack The Box - Bastion

8 minute read

Bastion was a relatively simple machine with the biggest issue steming from maintaining a connection to a remote mounted drive. Utilising a machine vhd backu...

Hack The Box - Dev0ops

8 minute read

Dev0ops highlighted issues with weakly configured XML parsers which lead to an XXE vulnerability, and developer error which lead to SSH keys in commit revisi...

Hack The Box - Solidstate

5 minute read

This machine contained a fairly straightforward SMTP vulnerability which didn’t even need to be exploited to fully compromise the machine. It is an essential...

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FTP

Hack The Box - Netmon

6 minute read

Netmon was a very simple box which highlighted issues with open FTP servers, plaintext configuration files, common password conventions, and blindly trusting...

Hack The Box - Carrier

9 minute read

This machine had some interesting elements to it and really made you think outside of the box. It incorporated a number of elements which you wouldn’t typica...

Hack The Box - Access

6 minute read

This machine was fairly basic but still provided some useful reminders and tools which can be utilised to export pst file contents on Linux, natively transfe...

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Smbclient

Hack The Box - Querier

9 minute read

Querier is true to its name, requiring exploitation of common SQL vulnerabilities whilst combining elements of combing through macros, insecure SMB shares, h...

Hack The Box - Ypuffy

5 minute read

This machine was quite interesting, and contained a privilege escalation method I’d not seen mentioned elsewhere. Luckily this was confined to the challenge,...

Hack The Box - Active

3 minute read

This machine was fairly straight forward and mimicked something you’d unfortunately expect to see even today in a typical penetration test. All in all it’s a...

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Curl

Hack The Box - Ypuffy

5 minute read

This machine was quite interesting, and contained a privilege escalation method I’d not seen mentioned elsewhere. Luckily this was confined to the challenge,...

Hack The Box - Curling

3 minute read

This machine had some CTF elements to it, but overall wasn’t that difficult to complete through proper enumeration. It highlights some issues which may be pr...

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Snort

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Forensics

2019 Defcon DFIR CTF Write-up

33 minute read

The Unofficial Defcon DFIR CTF comprised of 5 different challenge categories with a total of 82 DFIR related challenges including a Crypto Challenge, Deadbox...

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T1218 - System Binary Proxy Execution

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PEiD

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Packing

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COM Object

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Breakpoints

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Hooking

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Keylogger

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Credential Stealer

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Rundll32

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Process Explorer (ProcExp)

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Fakenet-NG

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Exceptions

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Structures (Structs)

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Endianness

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C++

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MSFVenom

Hack The Box - Jerry

2 minute read

Jerry would have to be one of the easiest machines I’ve ever compromised on Hack The Box. This involved using legitimate credentials to log onto an Apache To...

Hack The Box - Chatterbox

5 minute read

Chatterbox was a reasonably simple machine which required exploiting a vulnerable ‘Achat’ service with custom shellcode, and then migrating to a more stable ...

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Apache

Hack The Box - Jerry

2 minute read

Jerry would have to be one of the easiest machines I’ve ever compromised on Hack The Box. This involved using legitimate credentials to log onto an Apache To...

Hack The Box - Solidstate

5 minute read

This machine contained a fairly straightforward SMTP vulnerability which didn’t even need to be exploited to fully compromise the machine. It is an essential...

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Git

Hack The Box - Dev0ops

8 minute read

Dev0ops highlighted issues with weakly configured XML parsers which lead to an XXE vulnerability, and developer error which lead to SSH keys in commit revisi...

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Java

Hack The Box - Jerry

2 minute read

Jerry would have to be one of the easiest machines I’ve ever compromised on Hack The Box. This involved using legitimate credentials to log onto an Apache To...

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Readpst

2019 Defcon DFIR CTF Write-up

33 minute read

The Unofficial Defcon DFIR CTF comprised of 5 different challenge categories with a total of 82 DFIR related challenges including a Crypto Challenge, Deadbox...

Hack The Box - Access

6 minute read

This machine was fairly basic but still provided some useful reminders and tools which can be utilised to export pst file contents on Linux, natively transfe...

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Metasploit

Hack The Box - Irked

6 minute read

This machine highlighted a few issues such as supply chain compromise, the ease of hiding information using steganography, and how easily a vulnerable binary...

Hack The Box - Access

6 minute read

This machine was fairly basic but still provided some useful reminders and tools which can be utilised to export pst file contents on Linux, natively transfe...

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Hashcat

Hack The Box - Querier

9 minute read

Querier is true to its name, requiring exploitation of common SQL vulnerabilities whilst combining elements of combing through macros, insecure SMB shares, h...

Hack The Box - Active

3 minute read

This machine was fairly straight forward and mimicked something you’d unfortunately expect to see even today in a typical penetration test. All in all it’s a...

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Base64

Hack The Box - Carrier

9 minute read

This machine had some interesting elements to it and really made you think outside of the box. It incorporated a number of elements which you wouldn’t typica...

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SUID

Hack The Box - Irked

6 minute read

This machine highlighted a few issues such as supply chain compromise, the ease of hiding information using steganography, and how easily a vulnerable binary...

Hack The Box - Zipper

8 minute read

This machine took a bit of thinking outside of the box so it was a bit of a nice challenge and involved exploiting both custom binaries and legitimate servic...

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Searchsploit

Hack The Box - Irked

6 minute read

This machine highlighted a few issues such as supply chain compromise, the ease of hiding information using steganography, and how easily a vulnerable binary...

Hack The Box - Zipper

8 minute read

This machine took a bit of thinking outside of the box so it was a bit of a nice challenge and involved exploiting both custom binaries and legitimate servic...

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T1078 - Valid Accounts

Hack The Box - Zipper

8 minute read

This machine took a bit of thinking outside of the box so it was a bit of a nice challenge and involved exploiting both custom binaries and legitimate servic...

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T1505 - Server Software Component

Hack The Box - Querier

9 minute read

Querier is true to its name, requiring exploitation of common SQL vulnerabilities whilst combining elements of combing through macros, insecure SMB shares, h...

Hack The Box - Zipper

8 minute read

This machine took a bit of thinking outside of the box so it was a bit of a nice challenge and involved exploiting both custom binaries and legitimate servic...

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SQL

Hack The Box - Querier

9 minute read

Querier is true to its name, requiring exploitation of common SQL vulnerabilities whilst combining elements of combing through macros, insecure SMB shares, h...

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Powershell

Hack The Box - Netmon

6 minute read

Netmon was a very simple box which highlighted issues with open FTP servers, plaintext configuration files, common password conventions, and blindly trusting...

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Penetration Testing

Hack The Box - Querier

9 minute read

Querier is true to its name, requiring exploitation of common SQL vulnerabilities whilst combining elements of combing through macros, insecure SMB shares, h...

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T1543.003 - Windows Service

Hack The Box - Querier

9 minute read

Querier is true to its name, requiring exploitation of common SQL vulnerabilities whilst combining elements of combing through macros, insecure SMB shares, h...

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T1543 - Create or Modify System Process

Hack The Box - Querier

9 minute read

Querier is true to its name, requiring exploitation of common SQL vulnerabilities whilst combining elements of combing through macros, insecure SMB shares, h...

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DFIR

2019 Defcon DFIR CTF Write-up

33 minute read

The Unofficial Defcon DFIR CTF comprised of 5 different challenge categories with a total of 82 DFIR related challenges including a Crypto Challenge, Deadbox...

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Cheatsheet

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UPX

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Rootkit

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WinDbg

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stdcall

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Scdbg

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Shellcode

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CFF Explorer VIII

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Wireshark

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Immunity Debugger

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ServiceDLL

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Malware

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Analysis

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Practical

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Lab

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Reverse

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Engineering

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Detect-It-Easy (DIE)

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FLARE VM

Practical Malware Analysis - Lab Write-up

1 minute read

This details reverse engineering activities and answers for labs contained in the book ‘Practical Malware Analysis’ by Michael Sikorski and Andrew Honig, whi...

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x64 Disassembly

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Yara

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.NET

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.NET Decompilation

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Dnspy

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MS17-010

Hack The Box - Blue

26 minute read

Blue is definitely one of the shortest boxes in Hack The Box history. As the name suggests all that was required to fully compromise this machine was MS17-01...

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EternalBlue

Hack The Box - Blue

26 minute read

Blue is definitely one of the shortest boxes in Hack The Box history. As the name suggests all that was required to fully compromise this machine was MS17-01...

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PHPBash

Hack The Box - Bashed

3 minute read

Bashed was an extremely simple box demonstrating some of the most basic techniques for spawning reverse shells and elevating privileges. It is a great beginn...

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Sudo

Hack The Box - Bashed

3 minute read

Bashed was an extremely simple box demonstrating some of the most basic techniques for spawning reverse shells and elevating privileges. It is a great beginn...

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Jenkins

Hack The Box - Jeeves

5 minute read

Jeeves showed us that an unauthenticated Jenkins server can easily lead to a reverse shell through Groovy Script even if the web-directory is unknown. It hig...

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Groovy

Hack The Box - Jeeves

5 minute read

Jeeves showed us that an unauthenticated Jenkins server can easily lead to a reverse shell through Groovy Script even if the web-directory is unknown. It hig...

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Snapshot

Hack The Box - Jeeves

5 minute read

Jeeves showed us that an unauthenticated Jenkins server can easily lead to a reverse shell through Groovy Script even if the web-directory is unknown. It hig...

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KeePass

Hack The Box - Jeeves

5 minute read

Jeeves showed us that an unauthenticated Jenkins server can easily lead to a reverse shell through Groovy Script even if the web-directory is unknown. It hig...

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PTH

Hack The Box - Jeeves

5 minute read

Jeeves showed us that an unauthenticated Jenkins server can easily lead to a reverse shell through Groovy Script even if the web-directory is unknown. It hig...

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RelayHash

Hack The Box - Jeeves

5 minute read

Jeeves showed us that an unauthenticated Jenkins server can easily lead to a reverse shell through Groovy Script even if the web-directory is unknown. It hig...

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ADS

Hack The Box - Jeeves

5 minute read

Jeeves showed us that an unauthenticated Jenkins server can easily lead to a reverse shell through Groovy Script even if the web-directory is unknown. It hig...

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Pth-winexe

Hack The Box - Jeeves

5 minute read

Jeeves showed us that an unauthenticated Jenkins server can easily lead to a reverse shell through Groovy Script even if the web-directory is unknown. It hig...

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JTR

Hack The Box - Jeeves

5 minute read

Jeeves showed us that an unauthenticated Jenkins server can easily lead to a reverse shell through Groovy Script even if the web-directory is unknown. It hig...

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John

Hack The Box - Jeeves

5 minute read

Jeeves showed us that an unauthenticated Jenkins server can easily lead to a reverse shell through Groovy Script even if the web-directory is unknown. It hig...

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Achat

Hack The Box - Chatterbox

5 minute read

Chatterbox was a reasonably simple machine which required exploiting a vulnerable ‘Achat’ service with custom shellcode, and then migrating to a more stable ...

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Icacls

Hack The Box - Chatterbox

5 minute read

Chatterbox was a reasonably simple machine which required exploiting a vulnerable ‘Achat’ service with custom shellcode, and then migrating to a more stable ...

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SMTP

Hack The Box - Solidstate

5 minute read

This machine contained a fairly straightforward SMTP vulnerability which didn’t even need to be exploited to fully compromise the machine. It is an essential...

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James

Hack The Box - Solidstate

5 minute read

This machine contained a fairly straightforward SMTP vulnerability which didn’t even need to be exploited to fully compromise the machine. It is an essential...

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Cron

Hack The Box - Solidstate

5 minute read

This machine contained a fairly straightforward SMTP vulnerability which didn’t even need to be exploited to fully compromise the machine. It is an essential...

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XXE

Hack The Box - Dev0ops

8 minute read

Dev0ops highlighted issues with weakly configured XML parsers which lead to an XXE vulnerability, and developer error which lead to SSH keys in commit revisi...

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XML

Hack The Box - Dev0ops

8 minute read

Dev0ops highlighted issues with weakly configured XML parsers which lead to an XXE vulnerability, and developer error which lead to SSH keys in commit revisi...

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Tomcat

Hack The Box - Jerry

2 minute read

Jerry would have to be one of the easiest machines I’ve ever compromised on Hack The Box. This involved using legitimate credentials to log onto an Apache To...

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JSP

Hack The Box - Jerry

2 minute read

Jerry would have to be one of the easiest machines I’ve ever compromised on Hack The Box. This involved using legitimate credentials to log onto an Apache To...

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Msfvenom

Hack The Box - Access

6 minute read

This machine was fairly basic but still provided some useful reminders and tools which can be utilised to export pst file contents on Linux, natively transfe...

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Certutil

Hack The Box - Access

6 minute read

This machine was fairly basic but still provided some useful reminders and tools which can be utilised to export pst file contents on Linux, natively transfe...

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Runas

Hack The Box - Access

6 minute read

This machine was fairly basic but still provided some useful reminders and tools which can be utilised to export pst file contents on Linux, natively transfe...

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Cmdkey

Hack The Box - Access

6 minute read

This machine was fairly basic but still provided some useful reminders and tools which can be utilised to export pst file contents on Linux, natively transfe...

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Mdbtools

Hack The Box - Access

6 minute read

This machine was fairly basic but still provided some useful reminders and tools which can be utilised to export pst file contents on Linux, natively transfe...

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Enum4linux

Hack The Box - Active

3 minute read

This machine was fairly straight forward and mimicked something you’d unfortunately expect to see even today in a typical penetration test. All in all it’s a...

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Cpassword

Hack The Box - Active

3 minute read

This machine was fairly straight forward and mimicked something you’d unfortunately expect to see even today in a typical penetration test. All in all it’s a...

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gpp-decrypt

Hack The Box - Active

3 minute read

This machine was fairly straight forward and mimicked something you’d unfortunately expect to see even today in a typical penetration test. All in all it’s a...

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GetUserSPNs

Hack The Box - Active

3 minute read

This machine was fairly straight forward and mimicked something you’d unfortunately expect to see even today in a typical penetration test. All in all it’s a...

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Node.js

Hack The Box - Help

5 minute read

Help was an interesting machine which appeared to have multiple ways of gaining access and elevating privileges. In the end it contained elements of graphql,...

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GraphQL

Hack The Box - Help

5 minute read

Help was an interesting machine which appeared to have multiple ways of gaining access and elevating privileges. In the end it contained elements of graphql,...

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HelpDeskZ

Hack The Box - Help

5 minute read

Help was an interesting machine which appeared to have multiple ways of gaining access and elevating privileges. In the end it contained elements of graphql,...

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GCC

Hack The Box - Help

5 minute read

Help was an interesting machine which appeared to have multiple ways of gaining access and elevating privileges. In the end it contained elements of graphql,...

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Xxd

Hack The Box - Curling

3 minute read

This machine had some CTF elements to it, but overall wasn’t that difficult to complete through proper enumeration. It highlights some issues which may be pr...

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Bzip

Hack The Box - Curling

3 minute read

This machine had some CTF elements to it, but overall wasn’t that difficult to complete through proper enumeration. It highlights some issues which may be pr...

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Pspy

Hack The Box - Curling

3 minute read

This machine had some CTF elements to it, but overall wasn’t that difficult to complete through proper enumeration. It highlights some issues which may be pr...

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BGP

Hack The Box - Carrier

9 minute read

This machine had some interesting elements to it and really made you think outside of the box. It incorporated a number of elements which you wouldn’t typica...

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SNMP

Hack The Box - Carrier

9 minute read

This machine had some interesting elements to it and really made you think outside of the box. It incorporated a number of elements which you wouldn’t typica...

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Injection

Hack The Box - Carrier

9 minute read

This machine had some interesting elements to it and really made you think outside of the box. It incorporated a number of elements which you wouldn’t typica...

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Zabbix

Hack The Box - Zipper

8 minute read

This machine took a bit of thinking outside of the box so it was a bit of a nice challenge and involved exploiting both custom binaries and legitimate servic...

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Jsonrpc

Hack The Box - Zipper

8 minute read

This machine took a bit of thinking outside of the box so it was a bit of a nice challenge and involved exploiting both custom binaries and legitimate servic...

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Perl

Hack The Box - Zipper

8 minute read

This machine took a bit of thinking outside of the box so it was a bit of a nice challenge and involved exploiting both custom binaries and legitimate servic...

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T1505.003 - Web Shell

Hack The Box - Zipper

8 minute read

This machine took a bit of thinking outside of the box so it was a bit of a nice challenge and involved exploiting both custom binaries and legitimate servic...

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T1190 - Exploit Public-Facing Application

Hack The Box - Zipper

8 minute read

This machine took a bit of thinking outside of the box so it was a bit of a nice challenge and involved exploiting both custom binaries and legitimate servic...

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T1095 - Non-Application Layer Protocol

Hack The Box - Zipper

8 minute read

This machine took a bit of thinking outside of the box so it was a bit of a nice challenge and involved exploiting both custom binaries and legitimate servic...

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T1222 - File and Directory Permissions Modification

Hack The Box - Zipper

8 minute read

This machine took a bit of thinking outside of the box so it was a bit of a nice challenge and involved exploiting both custom binaries and legitimate servic...

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T1222.002 - Linux and Mac File and Directory Permissions Modification

Hack The Box - Zipper

8 minute read

This machine took a bit of thinking outside of the box so it was a bit of a nice challenge and involved exploiting both custom binaries and legitimate servic...

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Burpsuite

Hack The Box - Waldo

5 minute read

This machine was interesting, starting with directory traversal and LFI vulnerabilities, it then exploits a feature not commonly known which is supposed to b...

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LFI

Hack The Box - Waldo

5 minute read

This machine was interesting, starting with directory traversal and LFI vulnerabilities, it then exploits a feature not commonly known which is supposed to b...

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Webapp

Hack The Box - Waldo

5 minute read

This machine was interesting, starting with directory traversal and LFI vulnerabilities, it then exploits a feature not commonly known which is supposed to b...

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Tac

Hack The Box - Waldo

5 minute read

This machine was interesting, starting with directory traversal and LFI vulnerabilities, it then exploits a feature not commonly known which is supposed to b...

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Getcap

Hack The Box - Waldo

5 minute read

This machine was interesting, starting with directory traversal and LFI vulnerabilities, it then exploits a feature not commonly known which is supposed to b...

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PKI

Hack The Box - Ypuffy

5 minute read

This machine was quite interesting, and contained a privilege escalation method I’d not seen mentioned elsewhere. Luckily this was confined to the challenge,...

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Masscan

Hack The Box - Ypuffy

5 minute read

This machine was quite interesting, and contained a privilege escalation method I’d not seen mentioned elsewhere. Luckily this was confined to the challenge,...

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Crackmapexec

Hack The Box - Ypuffy

5 minute read

This machine was quite interesting, and contained a privilege escalation method I’d not seen mentioned elsewhere. Luckily this was confined to the challenge,...

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Puttygen

Hack The Box - Ypuffy

5 minute read

This machine was quite interesting, and contained a privilege escalation method I’d not seen mentioned elsewhere. Luckily this was confined to the challenge,...

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Doas

Hack The Box - Ypuffy

5 minute read

This machine was quite interesting, and contained a privilege escalation method I’d not seen mentioned elsewhere. Luckily this was confined to the challenge,...

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SSH-Keygen

Hack The Box - Ypuffy

5 minute read

This machine was quite interesting, and contained a privilege escalation method I’d not seen mentioned elsewhere. Luckily this was confined to the challenge,...

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Steghide

Hack The Box - Irked

6 minute read

This machine highlighted a few issues such as supply chain compromise, the ease of hiding information using steganography, and how easily a vulnerable binary...

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TTY

Hack The Box - Irked

6 minute read

This machine highlighted a few issues such as supply chain compromise, the ease of hiding information using steganography, and how easily a vulnerable binary...

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Chmod

Hack The Box - Irked

6 minute read

This machine highlighted a few issues such as supply chain compromise, the ease of hiding information using steganography, and how easily a vulnerable binary...

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Stego

Hack The Box - Irked

6 minute read

This machine highlighted a few issues such as supply chain compromise, the ease of hiding information using steganography, and how easily a vulnerable binary...

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IRC

Hack The Box - Irked

6 minute read

This machine highlighted a few issues such as supply chain compromise, the ease of hiding information using steganography, and how easily a vulnerable binary...

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Vim

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SQLite3

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DB

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DeBruijn

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Trufflehog

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Bloodhound

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EvtxDump

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Sed

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DDE

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Http2

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SSL

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Pcap

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Sniffing

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Gdb

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DNS

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Reversing

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Cryptography

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PlaintextPasswords

Hack The Box - Netmon

6 minute read

Netmon was a very simple box which highlighted issues with open FTP servers, plaintext configuration files, common password conventions, and blindly trusting...

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PRTG

Hack The Box - Netmon

6 minute read

Netmon was a very simple box which highlighted issues with open FTP servers, plaintext configuration files, common password conventions, and blindly trusting...

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Config

Hack The Box - Netmon

6 minute read

Netmon was a very simple box which highlighted issues with open FTP servers, plaintext configuration files, common password conventions, and blindly trusting...

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Grep

Hack The Box - Netmon

6 minute read

Netmon was a very simple box which highlighted issues with open FTP servers, plaintext configuration files, common password conventions, and blindly trusting...

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SAM

Hack The Box - Bastion

8 minute read

Bastion was a relatively simple machine with the biggest issue steming from maintaining a connection to a remote mounted drive. Utilising a machine vhd backu...

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PWDump

Hack The Box - Bastion

8 minute read

Bastion was a relatively simple machine with the biggest issue steming from maintaining a connection to a remote mounted drive. Utilising a machine vhd backu...

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mRemoteNG

Hack The Box - Bastion

8 minute read

Bastion was a relatively simple machine with the biggest issue steming from maintaining a connection to a remote mounted drive. Utilising a machine vhd backu...

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Guestmount

Hack The Box - Bastion

8 minute read

Bastion was a relatively simple machine with the biggest issue steming from maintaining a connection to a remote mounted drive. Utilising a machine vhd backu...

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SCP

Hack The Box - Bastion

8 minute read

Bastion was a relatively simple machine with the biggest issue steming from maintaining a connection to a remote mounted drive. Utilising a machine vhd backu...

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Windows

Hack The Box - Querier

9 minute read

Querier is true to its name, requiring exploitation of common SQL vulnerabilities whilst combining elements of combing through macros, insecure SMB shares, h...

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Impacket

Hack The Box - Querier

9 minute read

Querier is true to its name, requiring exploitation of common SQL vulnerabilities whilst combining elements of combing through macros, insecure SMB shares, h...

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Mssqlclient

Hack The Box - Querier

9 minute read

Querier is true to its name, requiring exploitation of common SQL vulnerabilities whilst combining elements of combing through macros, insecure SMB shares, h...

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Macro

Hack The Box - Querier

9 minute read

Querier is true to its name, requiring exploitation of common SQL vulnerabilities whilst combining elements of combing through macros, insecure SMB shares, h...

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Olevba

Hack The Box - Querier

9 minute read

Querier is true to its name, requiring exploitation of common SQL vulnerabilities whilst combining elements of combing through macros, insecure SMB shares, h...

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Responder

Hack The Box - Querier

9 minute read

Querier is true to its name, requiring exploitation of common SQL vulnerabilities whilst combining elements of combing through macros, insecure SMB shares, h...

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Powersploit

Hack The Box - Querier

9 minute read

Querier is true to its name, requiring exploitation of common SQL vulnerabilities whilst combining elements of combing through macros, insecure SMB shares, h...

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T1505.001 - SQL Stored Procedures

Hack The Box - Querier

9 minute read

Querier is true to its name, requiring exploitation of common SQL vulnerabilities whilst combining elements of combing through macros, insecure SMB shares, h...

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T1059.003 - Windows Command Shell

Hack The Box - Querier

9 minute read

Querier is true to its name, requiring exploitation of common SQL vulnerabilities whilst combining elements of combing through macros, insecure SMB shares, h...

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T1059.001 - PowerShell

Hack The Box - Querier

9 minute read

Querier is true to its name, requiring exploitation of common SQL vulnerabilities whilst combining elements of combing through macros, insecure SMB shares, h...

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T1059 - Command and Scripting Interpreter

Hack The Box - Querier

9 minute read

Querier is true to its name, requiring exploitation of common SQL vulnerabilities whilst combining elements of combing through macros, insecure SMB shares, h...

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T1059.006 - Python

Hack The Box - Querier

9 minute read

Querier is true to its name, requiring exploitation of common SQL vulnerabilities whilst combining elements of combing through macros, insecure SMB shares, h...

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T1552.006 - Group Policy Preferences

Hack The Box - Querier

9 minute read

Querier is true to its name, requiring exploitation of common SQL vulnerabilities whilst combining elements of combing through macros, insecure SMB shares, h...

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T1552 - Unsecured Credentials

Hack The Box - Querier

9 minute read

Querier is true to its name, requiring exploitation of common SQL vulnerabilities whilst combining elements of combing through macros, insecure SMB shares, h...

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Psexec

Hack The Box - Querier

9 minute read

Querier is true to its name, requiring exploitation of common SQL vulnerabilities whilst combining elements of combing through macros, insecure SMB shares, h...

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DEFCON

2019 Defcon DFIR CTF Write-up

33 minute read

The Unofficial Defcon DFIR CTF comprised of 5 different challenge categories with a total of 82 DFIR related challenges including a Crypto Challenge, Deadbox...

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FTK Imager

2019 Defcon DFIR CTF Write-up

33 minute read

The Unofficial Defcon DFIR CTF comprised of 5 different challenge categories with a total of 82 DFIR related challenges including a Crypto Challenge, Deadbox...

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Autopsy

2019 Defcon DFIR CTF Write-up

33 minute read

The Unofficial Defcon DFIR CTF comprised of 5 different challenge categories with a total of 82 DFIR related challenges including a Crypto Challenge, Deadbox...

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Live Response

2019 Defcon DFIR CTF Write-up

33 minute read

The Unofficial Defcon DFIR CTF comprised of 5 different challenge categories with a total of 82 DFIR related challenges including a Crypto Challenge, Deadbox...

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Volatility

2019 Defcon DFIR CTF Write-up

33 minute read

The Unofficial Defcon DFIR CTF comprised of 5 different challenge categories with a total of 82 DFIR related challenges including a Crypto Challenge, Deadbox...

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Deadbox

2019 Defcon DFIR CTF Write-up

33 minute read

The Unofficial Defcon DFIR CTF comprised of 5 different challenge categories with a total of 82 DFIR related challenges including a Crypto Challenge, Deadbox...

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HexEdit

2019 Defcon DFIR CTF Write-up

33 minute read

The Unofficial Defcon DFIR CTF comprised of 5 different challenge categories with a total of 82 DFIR related challenges including a Crypto Challenge, Deadbox...

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T1546.015 - Component Object Model Hijacking

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T1197 - BITS Jobs

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T1546.008 - Accessibility Features

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T1055 - Process Injection

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T1546.010 - AppInit DLLs)

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T1127 - Trusted Developer Utilities Proxy Execution

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T1127.001 - MSBuild

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T1027 - Obfuscated Files or Information

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T1027.004 - Compile After Delivery

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T1091 - Replication Through Removable Media

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System Binary Proxy Execution - T1218

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T1218.004 - InstallUtil

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T1546.001 - Change Default File Association)

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T1548 - Abuse Elevation Control Mechanism

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T1548.002 - Bypass User Account Control

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T1546.012 - Image File Execution Options Injection

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T1218.003 - CMSTP

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T1550 - Use Alternate Authentication Material

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T1550.002 - Pass the Hash

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T1557 - Adversary-in-the-Middle

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T1557.001 - LLMNR/NBT-NS Poisoning and SMB Relay

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T1218.002 - Control Panel

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T1218.005 - Mshta

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T1021 - Boot or Logon Initialization Scripts

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T1037.001 - Logon Script (Windows)

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T1021 - Remote Services

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T1021.006 - Windows Remote Management

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T1053 - Scheduled Task/Job

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T1053.005 - Scheduled Task

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T1074 - Data Staged

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T1074.001 - Local Data Staging

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T1087 - Account Discovery

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T1113 - Screen Capture

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T1090 - Proxy

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T1556 - Modify Authentication Process

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T1556.002 - Password Filter DLL

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Input Capture - T1056

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T1056.004 - Credential API Hooking

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OSCP

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VirusTotal

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Malcode Analyst Pack

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Dependency Walker

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Exeinfo PE

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PE Detective

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PowerShell

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IOCTL Driver

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DeviceIoControl

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EPROCESS

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Kernel Debugging

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COM serial port

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Named Pipe

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Windows Firewall

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Process Hacker

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System Service Descriptor Table (SSDT)

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KiServiceTable

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Graphical Identification and Authentication (GINA)

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Professional PE file Explorer - PPEE (Puppy)

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AppInit_DLLs

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SMTP Daemon

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Fakenet

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010 Editor

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FindCrypt2

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Krypto ANALyzer (KANAL)

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IDA-Ent

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FindCrypt-Ghidra

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WhatIsMyBrowser

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PfSSense

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Anti-Disassembly

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Anti-Debugging

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ScyllaHide

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TitanHide

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HideDebug

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Thread Local Storage

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Anti-Virtual Machine

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ScoopyNG

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VmwareHardenedLoader

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SIDT - Red Pill Technique

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STR

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SLDT - No Pill Technique

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SGDT

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SMSW

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IN

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CPUID

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Maclookup

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Original Entry Point (OEP)

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OllyDump

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PEiD Generic Unpacker

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Snaker's Generic Unpacker

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ImpREC

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POPAD

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PUSHAD

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POPFD

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PUSHFD

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ASPack

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UPack

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PE Explorer

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Upack Unpacker

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Shellcode_launcher

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Blob Runner

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Position-Independent Code (PIC)

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NOP Sled/Slide

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LODSB

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STOSB

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PDFStreamDumper

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Virtual Machine

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Vtables

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Overloading and Mangling

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Inheritance and Function Overriding

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Virtual and Non-Virtual Functions

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XAMPP

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FileZilla

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Leaf and Nonlead Functions

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Prologue and Epilogue Code

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WOW64 Subsystem

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Processs Monitor (Procmon)

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Cutter

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x64Dbg

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x32Dbg

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Pesstudio

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BinDiff

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HashMyFiles

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Regshot

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FakeNet

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Process Hollowing

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Abstraction

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Memory

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Assembly Instructions

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x86 Opcodes

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Operands

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Registers

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x86 Logical Operators

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Stack

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Conditionals

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Branching

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Buffers

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C

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Variables

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Arithmetic

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cdecl

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fastcall

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Binary Patching

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YarGen

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MalQuery

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Hybrid Analysis

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STRRAT

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Strigoi

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Sigma

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Crimson Shadow

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GoAccess

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Java Decompilation

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Java Decompiler (JD-GUI)

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Recaf

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JavaScript

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CarLambo

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Allatori Java Obfuscator

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PBKDF2

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AES

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Urlscan

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OSINT

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RAT

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Redline Stealer